Makale Yazarken Kaçınılması Gereken 24 Kelime

Akademik Yazım,Araştırma Yazım

 

Makale Yazarken Kaçınılması Gereken Fazla Kelimeler

İster dergide bir makale yazın, ister bir tez veya akademik makale, mesajlarınızı kitlenize iletmek için özlü net cümleler en etkili seçenektir. Sözcük dağarcığı düzenlemeyle ilgili bu yazıda, yaptığınızın farkında olmayabileceğiniz bir şey üzerine odaklanıyoruz. Yazınızda birçok cümleyi yakından incelemelisiniz, çünkü burada yaptığımız bazı şeyler sorunlu olduğunu bilmediğiniz şeylerdir!

İpucu 3: Gereksiz Kelimeleri Eleme

Bu yazıdan evvel sizlere makale kısaltım ile ilgili ipuçlarını içeren makaleler yayınladık. Şimdiye dek iki tane ipucu : adlandırma ve edat lar için yazmıştık ve önümüzdeki bir kaç haftada sizinle bu yazıyla beraber daha fazlasını paylaşacağız!

Dolgu kelime (filler) nedir?

Doldurucu kelimeler (fillers), bir cümlede anlam ifade etmeyen kelimelerdir ve yalnızca alanı “doldururlar” Bizlerde bu yazıları hazırlarken bazen dolgu kelimeler kullanırız. Bunu yapmak bizim için iyi olsa da (kelime sayımı konusunda endişelenmediğimizden ve bilgilendirici ve eğlenceli düzenleme önerileri sunmayı amaçladığımızdan), bir akademik makale veya araştırma makalesi yazıyor olsaydık daha dikkatli olurduk ve dolgu kelimelerden kaçınırdık.

Araştırma ve akademik yazımlarda, doldurucular ve diğer gereksiz sözcükleri makalenizden çıkarmalısınız.

Aşağıdaki örnekleri gözden geçirelim:

1.     There is an octopus sitting on top of my car.

2.     This is actually an interesting question.

3.     In order to apply the new method to our entire system, perhaps we should perform a local test.

Yukarıdaki cümlelerde doldurucu kelimeleri ve diğer gereksiz sözcükleri bulabilir misin? Gramatik olarak, bu cümleler doğrudur, ancak bazı gereksiz kelimeleri kaldırırsak yayın için daha doğru olurlar.

1.     There is an octopus sitting on top of my car. [10 words]

2.     This is actually an interesting question. [6 words]

3.     In order to apply the new method to our entire system, perhaps we should perform a local test. [18 words]

Aşağıdaki revizyonlara göz atalım.

1.     An octopus is sitting on my car. [7 words]

2.     This question is interesting. [4 words]

3.     We should perform a local test before applying the new method to our system. [14 words]

Yukarıdaki örneklerde gösterildiği gibi dolgu sözcüklerini ortadan kaldırmak sözcük sayınızı önemli ölçüde azaltabilir! Ortalama olarak, yukarıdaki cümlelerin kelime sayısını% 25-30 azaltmış bulunmaktayız. En son yazdığınız makaleyi bir gözden geçirin. Şimdi dolgu kelimeleri elimine ederek% 25-30 oranında daha yalın olduğunu düşünün. İnanılmaz, değil mi?

Doldurucu kelimeleri (fillers) tanımlama ve düzeltme

Yazma ve düzenleme becerilerinizi güçlendirmenize yardımcı olmak için, aşağıda sık kullanılan gereksiz kelimelerin ve cümlelerin listesini derledik. Kelimeleri ve cümleleri pek çok açıdan gözden geçirerek, birçok durumda iyi çalışan bazı öneriler hazırladık.

Doldurucu kelimeler (Filler) veya Gereksiz Kelime/Cümle Önerilen Revizyon Örnek
A… then B… [chronological relationship] Use the structure “A… and B…” Sometimes, readers can understand sequences because of causality implied in the sentence’s context. Joe ran up the hill then fell back down. → Joe ran up the hill and fell back down.
Absolutely, Certainly, Completely, Definitely Delete. In most cases, the verb accompanying these adverbs imply 100% unless otherwise qualified. We absolutely agree with that theory. → We agree with that theory.
All of the Use “all the.” All of the cells ruptured. → All the cells ruptured.
As to whether Use “whether.” He was uncertain as to whether he would attend the event next week. → He was uncertain whether he would attend the event next week.
At all time Delete. If you state a general fact, it is always true unless you qualify it otherwise. You must follow these rules at all times. → You must follow these rules.
Commonly Delete. Since “commonly” implies a general statement, it’s unnecessary to use when your statement is a general fact. People once commonly believed that the sun revolved around Earth. → People once believed the sun revolved around Earth.
Due to the fact that Use “because” or restructure the sentence using stronger verbs. Due to the fact that we have limited resources, we will need to ration our daily intake. → We must ration our daily intake because of limited resources. OR Limited resources require us to ration our daily intake.
For all intents and purposes Delete. For all intents and purposes, this project will be run by the Zurich office. → This project will be run by the Zurich office.
For the purpose of Use “to” + verb. For the purpose of creating a new cohort, we would like to… → To create a new cohort, we would like to…
Has the ability to Use “can.” Jackson has the ability to mesmerize an audience with his charm. → Jackson can mesmerize an audience with his charm.
I/we believe; In my/our opinion Delete unless it would become unclear that the sentence reflects your thought alone. For example, if you are describing other people’s thoughts and want to contrast those ideas with your opinion, you may wish to use these fillers. However, use them sparingly. In most cases, you can avoid the filler, as shown in the second example in the next column. In our opinion, our results are inconclusive. →Our results are inconclusive.Scientists believe that water once flowed on Mars; however, we believe this theory is unlikely because… → Scientists believe that water once flowed on Mars; however, this theory is unlikely because…
In spite of the fact that Use “despite” or “although.” She agreed to volunteer for the event in spite of the fact that she was busy with other work. → She agreed to volunteer for the event although she was busy with other work.
In terms of Delete and restructure or use “about” or “regarding,” depending on the context. We can agree with you in terms of the proposed timeframe. →We agree with your proposed timeframe.In terms of price, we would like to request a discount. → Regarding price, we would like to request a discount.
In the event that Use “if.” In the event that you can’t meet the deadline, please contact us immediately. → If you can’t meet the deadline, please contact us immediately.
In the process of Use “while” or “when,” depending on the context. In the process of starting a new business, I hired an assistant. → When I started a new business, I hired an assistant
In order to Use “to.” In order to advance to the next level, we must pass this exam. → To advance to the next level, we must pass this exam.
It is important to note Delete. If it wasn’t important, you wouldn’t be writing it, right? It is important to note that inclusion and exclusion criteria are not used to reject people personally. → Inclusion and exclusion criteria are not used to reject people personally.
It is possible that Use “can,” “could,” “may,” or “might,” depending on the context. It is possible that the show will be canceled due to inclement weather. → The show could be canceled due to inclement weather.
Just, Really, Very, Even Delete. He really loves winter, especially when it snows. → He loves winter, especially when it snows.
Needless to say Delete. Needless to say, the project will end tomorrow. → The project will end tomorrow.
That Delete unless it is essential for making the sentence clear. She believed that he was innocent. → She believed he was innocent.She liked the house that sat on top of the hill. → She liked the house that sat on top of the hill. ["That" is essential to explain which house.]
The fact that Delete and restructure. Mary hated the fact that she had to work on Mondays. → Mary hated working on Mondays.
There/Here/It is…There has/have been… Delete and restructure to create a stronger active subject/verb. These phrases distract from your sentence’s main point. There have been many discussions among the scientific community about ethical boundaries in gene-splicing research. → The scientific community has frequently discussed the ethical boundaries in gene-splicing research.
With regard/reference to Use “regarding” or “about,” depending on the context. You can also rearrange your sentence to eliminate the “with regard to”/”regarding” phrase. With regard to your previous questions, we will answer them during our meeting later today. → Regarding your previous questions, we will answer them during our meeting later today. OR We will answer your previous questions during our meeting later today.

Düzenli olarak kullandığınız dolgu kelimeleri düşünüyor musunuz? Yukarıdaki örnekleri gördükten sonra dolgu kelimeleri nasıl düzenleyeceksiniz?

Birkaç egzersiz denemek istiyorsanız, lütfen aşağıdaki alıştırmalara bakın.

1.     In the end, we’d like to choose option A.

2.     We just need to move on to the next task; otherwise, we’ll really run out of time.

3.     While we believe this project can be completed in three months, in order to do so, we will need to incur additional costs.

4.     In the event that I don’t make it on time, please start without me.

5.     With reference to the new project, it is possible that we will start next month.

6.     It is important to note that you can apply to the program at any time you want; however, due to the fact that we admit participants on a rolling basis, we may have no room left if you wait too long.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Doğru Cevap:

1.     We’d like to choose option A.

2.     We need to move on to the next task; otherwise, we’ll run out of time.

3.     While this project can be completed in three months, to do so, we will need to incur additional costs.

4.     If I don’t make it on time, please start without me.

5.     We can start the new project next month.

6.     You can apply to the program at any time; however, if you wait too long, we may not have any room because we admit participants on a rolling basis.

Umarım yukarıdaki bilgiler size yardımcı olacaktır. Kafanıza takılan sorular dahilinde web sitemizdeki telefon numarasından bizlere ulaşabilirsiniz.

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